WHAT IS THE SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION EXERCISE?

Part 4: transformations (rephrasing) in PDF B2 USE OF ENGLISH PART 4

In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first with 2-5 words (NO MORE). Another thing to understand is that you are provided with a word that you must use in exactly the same form (if it is TOLD, you cannot use tell, telling or any variation of the word. ONLY TOLD). Each of the questions is worth 2 points and the points are based on lexical (vocabulary) or structural (grammatical) points. What they assess in this part of the exam are as follows:

 

HOW DO YOU DO IT EFFECTIVELY?

Try the Deleting Technique. You take the sentence transformation, for example:

You’ll have a great time no matter where you go

REGARDLESS      You’ll have a great time ________ where you go

YOU MUST CONSIDER WHAT IS THE SAME IN BOTH SENTENCES AND THEN DELETE WHAT IS THE SAME IN THE FIRST SENTENCE

You’ll have a great time no matter where you go

REGARDLESS      You’ll have a great time ________ where you go

YOU ARE LEFT WITH NO MATTER AND ALL YOU NEED TO DO IS THINK OF THE SYNONYM FOR IT.

Answer: regardless of

 

USED TENSE SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS

Rephrasing with the the USED TO involves understanding all of the following tenses: USED TO, BE USED TO + ING AND GET USED TO + ING

 

PRACTICE EXERCISES:

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first, using the word given. Do not change the word given, you must use 2-5 words including the word given.

  1. One hundred years ago most people worked in the countryside. 

WOULD

One hundred years ago almost ____________________ in the countryside

2. I ate my dinner then I played video games. 

AFTER

I played video games ____________________ my dinner.

3. My parents didn’t allow me to watch TV until I had finished my homework. 

USED 

My parents ____________________ me watch TV until I had finished my homework.

4. Julie didn’t play volleyball until she met me for the first time. 

PLAYED 

Julie ____________________ volleyball until she first met me.

5. I used to hate studying languages, but now it’s not a problem. 

HAVE 

I used to hate studying languages, but now I ____________________ to it.

6. It is difficult for me to feel at ease speaking English all the time. 

USED

It is difficult for me to  _______________  English.

 

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