What is the sentence transformation exercise?

Part 4: transformations (rephrasing) in PDF B2 USE OF ENGLISH PART 4

In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first with 2-5 words (NO MORE). Another thing to understand is that you are provided with a word that you must use in exactly the same form (if it is TOLD, you cannot use tell, telling or any variation of the word. ONLY TOLD). Each of the questions is worth 2 points and the points are based on lexical (vocabulary) or structural (grammatical) points. What they assess in this part of the exam are as follows:

 

How do you do it effectively?

Try the Deleting Technique. You take the sentence transformation, for example:

You’ll have a great time no matter where you go

REGARDLESS      You’ll have a great time ________ where you go

YOU MUST CONSIDER WHAT IS THE SAME IN BOTH SENTENCES AND THEN DELETE WHAT IS THE SAME IN THE FIRST SENTENCE

You’ll have a great time no matter where you go

REGARDLESS      You’ll have a great time ________ where you go

YOU ARE LEFT WITH NO MATTER AND ALL YOU NEED TO DO IS THINK OF THE SYNONYM FOR IT.

Answer: regardless of

 

Follow up activity 110 EXPRESSIONS FOR KEY WORD TRANSFORMATIONS FOR THE FCE (B2) AND CAE (C1)You should write down the answers and the common vocabulary. These are almost always synonyms. Write them in a list like…

put up with = tolerate

so that = in order

as long as = provided that

 

FIND OUT HOW TO DO THIS EXERCISES SUCCESSFULLY HERE

 

What do I need to study?

The best way to improve this part of the exam is to do examples of exams and to learn from your mistakes, but you might like to look at.

Lexical: phrasal verbs, word patterns, fixed expressions, contextual vocabulary etc. TO IMPROVE YOUR UNDERSTANDING OF PREPOSITIONS: HERE

Structural: passive, relative clauses, reported speech, quantifiers, connectors, tense changes, gerund versus infinitive, modal verbs, inversions (rarely), conditionals etc.

Exam example 1:

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first, using the word given. Do not change the word given, you must use 2-5 words including the word given. 

 

 

We don’t have any toilet paper left and we need to go to the store.

RUN

We _____________ of toilet paper and we need to go to the store.

 

My sister doesn’t feel like preparing for the presentation.

BOTHERED

My sister can’t __________ for the presentation.

 

I would say it is likely to happen, sooner or later.

BOUND

I reckon it __________ happen, sooner or later.

 

It seems to be turning into a worldwide problem.

AS

It looks __________ is turning into a worldwide problem.

 

I will survive providing that everything goes to plan.

LONG

__________ everything goes to plan, I will get through this.

 

Although it will take a long time, we will prevail.

SPITE

We will prevail __________ how long it will take.

DOWNLOAD THIS TEST AND ANSWERS HERE

2 FULL TESTS (PART 4: SENTENCE TRANSFORMATIONS) AVAILABLE.

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