Whats is the difference between have and have got?
One of the principal grammar doubts at A2 Level is the difference between have and have got. Both are simple forms that we use for possession, but what are the differences?
We use have and have got in the same way in the affirmative. I have a new car and I have got a new car are one and the same. But the differences occur in the negative and the interrogative. Study the examples
THEY ARE THE SAME IN THE AFFIRMATIVE:
|I||HAVE||I HAVE (GOT) A BROTHER|
|YOU||HAVE||YOU HAVE (GOT) A DOG|
|HE/SHE/IT||HAS||HE HAS (GOT) A SISTER|
|THEY||HAVE||THEY HAVE (GOT) A JOB|
|WE||HAVE||WE HAVE (GOT) FRIENDS|
THE AUXILIARY CHANGES IN THE NEGATIVE
|I||HAVEN’T||I HAVEN’T GOT A CAT|
|YOU||HAVEN’T||YOU HAVEN’T GOT IT|
|HE/SHE/IT||HASN’T||HE HASN’T GOT A CAR|
|THEY||HAVEN´T||THEY HAVEN´T GOT A BIKE|
|WE||HAVEN´T||WE HAVEN´T GOT MONEY|
|I||DON’T||I DON´T HAVE A CAT|
|YOU||DON’T||YOU DON’T HAVE IT|
|HE/SHE/IT||DOESN’T||HE DOESN’T HAVE A CAR|
|THEY||DON’T||THEY DON’T HAVE A BIKE|
|WE||DON’T||WE DON’T HAVE MONEY|
THE AUXILIARY ALSO CHANGES IN THE INTERROGATIVE:
|HAVE||I||HAVE I GOT A PRESENT?|
|HAVE||YOU||HAVE YOU GOT A PET?|
|HAS||HE/SHE/IT||HAS SHE GOT A PLAN?|
|HAVE||THEY||HAVE THEY GOT FRIENDS?|
|HAVE||WE||HAVE WE GOT A BREAK?|
|DO||I||DO I HAVE A PRESENT?|
|DO||YOU||DO YOU HAVE A PET?|
|DOES||HE/SHE/IT||DOES SHE HAVE A PLAN?|
|DO||THEY||DO THEY HAVE FRIENDS?|
|DO||WE||DO WE HAVE A BREAK?|
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Both have and have got are used for possession, but have got is really the present perfect simple tense. The main differences occur when we want to conjugate have with any other verb such as I have, like: I have bought a car.
We cannot conjugate have got with will, would or should as the meaning changes and it becomes a modal perfect
STUDY THE EXAMPLE:
I will have fun at the party.
I will have got fun at the party.
I would have a brother.
I would have got a brother.
I should have a drink.
I should have got a drink.
We also can’t use can + have got
Can I have a coffee?
Can I have got a coffee?