Future time clauses are used to express the future, however, they are followed by the present simple, present continuous or present perfect. They often form part of the zero/0 or First/1st conditional.

Examples of future time clauses:

 

When

I will watch TV when I finish up here.

 

Until/till

Until the time comes, you just need to wait.

 

As soon as

As soon as you have eaten your dinner, go straight to bed.

 

If

If I have time later, I will meet up with your girlfriend.

 

While

While I am waiting at the dentist, I will read my book.

 

Once

Once you get here, give me a call.

 

By the time

By the time we pass the exam, we will already have finished our degrees.

 

After

After we have lunch, can you give me a hand.

 

Before

Before I get to work, I usually have a coffee and a bite to eat.

 

By the time

By the time you have done the coursework, it will be time for your exams.

Practice speaking questions:

  1. Will you get a well-paid job as soon as you get out of university?
  2. Can you go on holiday once your classes finish?
  3. When you get home, do you usually do housework?
  4. Will you be fluent in English by the time you have finished this course?
  5. Do you normally do your homework aften you get home each day?
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