Pronouns:

Pronouns are words that substitute a noun. They can be tricky for language learners, but they are an essential part of both written and spoken English. There are various types of pronoun that you must get the grasp of:

 

SUBJECT = what does the action (cause). I am going shopping later

 

OBJECT = what receives the action. You never ask me questions

 

REFLEXIVE = when the subject and object are the same. I talk to myself a lot

 

POSSESSIVE = instead of a noun. This car is mine

 

POSSESSIVE DETERMINERS = PD + noun. That one on the corner is my house

 

SUBJECT OBJECT REFLEXIVE POSSESSIVE DETERMINER
I ME MYSELF MINE MY
YOU YOU YOURSELF YOURS YOUR
HE HIM HIMSELF HIS HIS
SHE HER HERSELF HERS HER
IT IT ITSELF ITS ITS
THEY THEM THEMSELVES THEIRS THEIR
WE US OURSELVES OURS OUR

 

Careful: know the difference between subject and object pronouns

It is essential to know who is the subject and object of a sentence to understand it well.

With the verbs belong to, matter to and appeal to we use the object pronoun to express who is affected by the state

For instance:

This pen belongs to me = it is my pen

It doesn´t matter to me = I don´t mind

Video games don´t appeal to me = I don´t like video games

 

Practice questions:

  1. Do you want to talk to me?
  2. How often do you ask your teacher for help with your studies?
  3. How many siblings do you have and do you get on well with them?
  4. Does the computer/phone you are using belong to you?
  5. What languages appeal to you most?
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