The basis of the English language is in understanding its verbs. When we can form verbs, we can form sentences. A great place to begin is with the verb to be
We can form to be with the full form I am or the contraction I´m
I am Marc.
I am really happy today.
My sister is a good person.
To form the negative: simple add not
|I||AM NOT||I´M NOT|
|YOU||ARE NOT||YOU AREN´T|
|HE/SHE/IT||IS NOT||HE ISN´T|
|WE||ARE NOT||YOU AREN´T|
|YOU (ALL)||ARE NOT||YOU AREN´T|
|THEY||ARE NOT||YOU AREN´T|
I am not in a good mood.
My father isn´t 65, he is 63 years old.
The interrogative form: AUXILIARY + SUBJECT + COMPLEMENT?
|TO BE||SUBJECT||COMPLEMENT + ?|
Are you scared of spiders?
Is your best friend a kind person?
Remember: In English we be years and
not have years,
I am 33 years old.
Next year I will turn 34, but now I am 33.
Past simple form of the verb to be:
The past tense is also irregular:
I was born in Italy.
I was not at work yesterday.
Practice speaking questions:
- How old are you?
- How are you today?
- What is your name?
- Where are you from?
- When is your birthday?
- Are you nervous about your exam?
- Who is your best friend?
- How old is your best friend?
- When were you born?
- Where were you born?
Check out our grammar point on adjectives and remember: …ing adjectives make you feel …ed
For instance: I think the film was boring. I felt bored when I watched the film. As it was such a boring film, I was bored the whole time.
… ed = temporary feeling
…ing is permanent = cause of a feeling
For more information on adjectives, follow the link HERE