The basis of the English language is in understanding its verbs. When we can form verbs, we can form sentences. A great place to begin is with the verb to be

 

We can form to be with the full form I am or the contraction I´m

 

SUBJECT TO BE CONTRACTION
I AM I´M
YOU ARE YOU´RE
HE/SHE/IT IS HE´S
WE ARE YOU´RE
YOU (ALL) ARE YOU´RE
THEY ARE YOU´RE

 

Examples:

I am Marc.

I am really happy today.

My sister is a good person.

 

To form the negative: simple add not

 

SUBJECT TO BE CONTRACTION
I AM NOT I´M NOT
YOU ARE NOT YOU AREN´T
HE/SHE/IT IS NOT HE ISN´T
WE ARE NOT YOU AREN´T
YOU (ALL) ARE NOT YOU AREN´T
THEY ARE NOT YOU AREN´T

 

Examples:

I am not in a good mood.

My father isn´t 65, he is 63 years old.

 

The interrogative form: AUXILIARY + SUBJECT + COMPLEMENT?

 

TO BE SUBJECT COMPLEMENT + ?
AM I HAPPY?
ARE YOU ANGRY?
IS HE/SHE/IT SAD?
ARE WE UPSET?
ARE YOU (ALL) ANNOYED?
ARE THEY EXCITED?

 

Example questions:

Are you scared of spiders?

Is your best friend a kind person?

 

Remember: In English we be years and not have years,

I am 33 years old.

Next year I will turn 34, but now I am 33.

 

Past simple form of the verb to be: 

The past tense is also irregular:

 

SUBJECT TO BE
I WAS
YOU WERE
HE/SHE/IT WAS
WE WERE
YOU (ALL) WERE
THEY WERE

 

Examples:

I was born in Italy.

I was not at work yesterday.

 

Practice speaking questions:

  1. How old are you?
  2. How are you today?
  3. What is your name?
  4. Where are you from?
  5. When is your birthday?
  6. Are you nervous about your exam?
  7. Who is your best friend?
  8. How old is your best friend?
  9. When were you born?
  10. Where were you born?

 

Check out our grammar point on adjectives and remember: …ing adjectives make you feel …ed

For instance: I think the film was boring. I felt bored when I watched the film. As it was such a boring film, I was bored the whole time. 

… ed = temporary feeling

…ing is permanent = cause of a feeling

 

For more information on adjectives, follow the link HERE

Recent Posts
0