An article is a simple word (a, an, the) that is used to determine a particular noun (item or object)
THE (Definite article)
We use the definite article to speak about specific things:
- Singular eg. Can you pass me the pen, please? (the pen we were talking about)
- Plural eg. I have got the apples that you asked for.
A/AN (Indefinite articles)
We use the indefinite articles to speak about non specific things:
- Singular eg. I would like a sandwich please. (any sandwich will be fine)
- Singular eg. I would like an egg for breakfast
TAKE NOTE: it is the sound of the nouns that indicates if it is a or an, For instance:
an hour (silent H)
a euro (we pronounce it y-euro)
—- (Zero article)
We use the zero article to speak about general things:
- Singular (uncountable) eg. Time goes very quickly in my German class.
- Plural eg. Cheetahs are the fastest land animal on the planet.
TIP: to avoid errors and mistakes with
Use everyone/ everybody + singular
Everyone at the party had a good time
Everybody thinks that I am a great teacher
TIME – We DO NOT use ‘the’ when referring to times of the day, particular days, years, seasons or months:
dawn, dusk, daybreak, midday, 9.30pm, 5.45am, Monday, Wednesday, January, October, 1487, 2014
Study the examples;
the last week/month/year
He visited his grandma last week
the next week/month/year
I am going on holiday next week
PLACES – We DO NOT use ´the´ when referring to certain places
College/university, school, hospital, town, church, class, court, bed, prison, home
I go to university at around 9 am
He should go to school earlier
I am in hospital as I need an operation
What time should we meet in town?