THE USE OF ADJECTIVES IN LANGUAGE MAKE IT FAR MORE INTERESTING AND IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT LEARNERS OF ENGLISH UNDERSTAND THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AND ADJECIVE AND AN ADVERB.
AN ADJECTIVE IS A WORD NAMING AN ATTRIBUTE OF A NOUN WHERE AS AN ADVERB IS A WORD THAT MODIFIES THE MEANING OF AN ADJECIVE, VERB OR EVEN ANOTHER ADVERB.
STUDENTS MUST GET A GOOD GRASP OF THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN …ING AND …ED ADJECTIVES:
ING ADJECTIVES MAKE YOU FEEL ED ADJECTIVES
The activity is boring I feel bored
The movie is interesting I am interested
The lesson is frustrating I get frustrated
ROOT ING ED
Amaze amazing amazed
Amuse amusing amused
Challenge challenging challenged
Convince convincing convinced
Encourage encouraging encouraged
Entertain entertaining entertained
Excite exciting excited
Exhaust exhausting exhausted
Fascinate fascinating fascinated
Frustrate frustrating frustrated
Humiliate humiliating humiliated
Relax relaxing relaxed
Satisfy satisfying satisfied
Surprise surprising surprised
Terrify terrifying terrified
ADVERBS OF MANNER
We use adverbs of manner to describe the way we perform an action. VERB + ADVERB
He ran quickly up the stairs because he wanted to answer the phone before it stopped ringing.
It is incorrect to say, “He ran
quick up the stairs.
Avoid this typical error:
I speak English really
ADJECTIVE + ..LY
Quick – Quickly
Bad – badly
Clear – clearly
Correct – correctly
Awkward – awkwardly
Difficult – difficultly
Careful – carefully
Beautiful – beautifully
Wonderful – wonderfully
Cheerful – cheerfully
ADJECTIVE (TAKE AWAY THE …Y) + …ILY
Angry – angrily
Silly – sillily
Tidy – tidily
Happy – happily
ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY
See a complete explanation and exercises HERE
Seldom/hardly ever/almost never/rarely
ADVERBS OF TIME
Focus on the word order of the following adverbs:
ALREADY (ya) – I have already finished my homework.
YET (ya) – Have you seen that movie yet?
YET (aún) – I haven´t had breakfast yet this morning.
STILL (aún) – I still haven´t set off for work.
JUST (acabar de) – I have just arrived home from work.
EVER (alguna vez) – Have you ever been to Japan?
FOR (durante) – I have studied English for 4 years.
SINCE (desde) – I have lived in Spain since 7 years ago/2010.
Writing tip: Key adverbs for writing
Virtually (almost/nearly) It is virtually impossible to get a job in Spain.
Roughly (about/around) He is roughly 30 years old.
Highly (very) My brother is a highly successful lawyer.
Widely (everywhere) It is widely recognised that this is the best website ever.
Largely (on the most part) My success is largely due to my hard work.
Automatically (without thinking) People automatically assume that I am Spanish because my level is so high.
Readily (now) Your results are readily available