ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS

THE USE OF ADJECTIVES IN LANGUAGE MAKE IT FAR MORE INTERESTING AND IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT LEARNERS OF ENGLISH UNDERSTAND THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AND ADJECIVE AND AN ADVERB.

 

AN ADJECTIVE IS A WORD NAMING AN ATTRIBUTE OF A NOUN WHERE AS AN ADVERB IS A WORD THAT MODIFIES THE MEANING OF AN ADJECIVE, VERB OR EVEN ANOTHER ADVERB.

 

STUDENTS MUST GET A GOOD GRASP OF THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN …ING AND …ED ADJECTIVES:

ING ADJECTIVES                           MAKE YOU FEEL                                ED ADJECTIVES

The activity is boring                                                                                       I feel bored

The movie is interesting                                                                                 I am interested

The lesson is frustrating                                                                                 I get frustrated

 

ROOT                                                    ING                                                        ED

Amaze                                                  amazing                                               amazed

Amuse                                                  amusing                                               amused

Challenge                                            challenging                                         challenged

Convince                                             convincing                                           convinced

Encourage                                           encouraging                                       encouraged

Entertain                                             entertaining                                       entertained

Excite                                                    exciting                                               excited

Exhaust                                                exhausting                                          exhausted

Fascinate                                             fascinating                                          fascinated

Frustrate                                             frustrating                                           frustrated

Humiliate                                             humiliating                                         humiliated

Relax                                                     relaxing                                                relaxed

Satisfy                                                   satisfying                                             satisfied

Surprise                                               surprising                                            surprised

Terrify                                                   terrifying                                             terrified

 

ADVERBS OF MANNER

We use adverbs of manner to describe the way we perform an action. VERB + ADVERB

E.g.

He ran quickly up the stairs because he wanted to answer the phone before it stopped ringing.

It is incorrect to say, “He ran quick up the stairs.

 

Avoid this typical error:

I speak English really good well.

 

ADJECTIVE + ..LY

Quick – Quickly

Bad – badly

Clear – clearly

Correct – correctly

Awkward – awkwardly

Difficult – difficultly

 

DOUBLE LL

Careful – carefully

Beautiful – beautifully

Wonderful – wonderfully

Cheerful – cheerfully

 

ADJECTIVE (TAKE AWAY THE …Y) + …ILY

Angry – angrily

Silly – sillily

Tidy – tidily

Happy – happily

 

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY 

See a complete explanation and exercises HERE

Always

Normally/usually/frequently

Often

Something

Seldom/hardly ever/almost never/rarely

Never

 

ADVERBS OF TIME

Focus on the word order of the following adverbs:

ALREADY (ya) – I have already finished my homework.

YET (ya) – Have you seen that movie yet?

YET (aún) – I haven´t had breakfast yet this morning.

STILL (aún) – I still haven´t set off for work.

JUST (acabar de) – I have just arrived home from work.

EVER (alguna vez) – Have you ever been to Japan?

FOR (durante) – I have studied English for 4 years.

SINCE (desde) – I have lived in Spain since 7 years ago/2010.

 

Writing tip: Key adverbs for writing

Virtually (almost/nearly) It is virtually impossible to get a job in Spain.

Roughly (about/around) He is roughly 30 years old.

Highly (very) My brother is a highly successful lawyer.

Widely (everywhere) It is widely recognised that this is the best website ever.

Largely (on the most part) My success is largely due to my hard work.

Automatically (without thinking) People automatically assume that I am Spanish because my level is so high.

Readily (now) Your results are readily available

 

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION

MULTIPLE CHOICE ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION 2

MULTIPLE CHOICE ADJECTIVE + PREPOSITION 3

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