We use reported speech to report what somebody else has said or to repeat something that has already been said. For extra practice of this grammar tense, click HERE
You need to focus of these points:
- Tense change
- Do not change the tense if the reporting verb is in the present (say, tell, ask, claim, remark, report, comment, mention) or if the information is still true,
- Also, do not change the tense in certain tenses including: past perfect, modal verbs (would, should, might or could)
- Change in time or place words
|DIRECT SPEECH||REPORTED SPEECH|
“I am keen on running” said Marc.
Marc said that he was keen on running.
“I am writing a course” said Marc.
Marc said that he was writing a course
“I have already seen this movie” Marc told Alex.
Marc told Alex that he had already seen that movie.
“I went jogging yesterday” said Marc.
Marc said that he had been jogging the day before.
“I am going to watch a movie tonight” said Marc.
|Was/were going to:
Marc said that he was going to watch a movie that night.
“I can come to the party tomorrow” Marc told Alex.
Marc told Alex that he could go to the party the next day.
“I will help you move house” claimed Marc
Marc claimed that he would help me move house.
If the verb is a general opinion, belief or continues, do not change the tense.
“I am keen on doing sport” said Marc.
Marc said that he is keen on doing sport.
“They don´t believe in God” they claimed.
They claimed that they don´t believe in God
- the change in subject pronoun (I, you, he, she, it, they, we) or object pronoun (me, you, him, her, them, it, them, us) or possessive determiner (my, your, his, her, their, our)
- The change in time and place
|Now – then/at that moment
Yesterday – the day before
Last week – the week before
Ago – before
Tonight – that night
Tomorrow – the next day
Next week – the following week
|Here – there
This place – that place
BE CAREFUL WITH IRREGULAR FORMS:
See GRAMMAR: VERB + OBJECT + (BARE) INFINITIVE/GERUND for extra help
Verb + ING
Suggest, recommend, advise against, insist on, accuse of, consider, regret, deny,
E.g. “Let´s go to the cinema” suggested Marc.
Marc suggested going to the cinema.
Verb + INFINITIVE
Refuse, offer, demand, decide, threaten, forget, promise, agree, disagree
E.g “I won´t do my homework until you kiss me” said Marc
Marc refused to do his homework until she kissed him.
Reported Questions: IF/WHETHER OR THE QUESTION WORD
|As if it were the affirmative +|
The principle is the same as reported speech. You need to change the tense in the same ways. There are two types of questions that you need to look at.
CLOSED QUESTIONS IF/WHETHER
“Did you go out last night?” asked Marc.
Marc asked if you had gone out the night before.
“Are you fond of watching TV?” asked Marc.
Marc asked if/whether you are fond of watching TV.
OPEN QUESTIONS QUESTION WORD (when, where, why)
“When did you see this movie?” asked Marc.
Marc asked when you had seen that movie.
“Where do you live?” asked Marc
Marc asked where you live.