PRELIMINARY (B1) Rephrasing: In this part you need to complete the second sentence with 1-3 words so that it has the same meaning as the first.

Focus on these grammar points: Passive, comparatives, reported speech, conditional 1st and 2nd, quantifiers, tenses changes


FIRST CERTIFICATE (B2) Part 4: transformations (rephrasing)

In this part of the exam you have six sentences to complete. You need to read the first sentence in each question. From this you need to look at the second sentence and think about what information is missing. You must then complete the second sentence so that it has the same meaning as the first with 2-5 words (NO MORE). Another thing to understand is that you are provided with a word that you must use in exactly the same form (if it is TOLD, you cannot use tell, telling or any variation of the word. ONLY TOLD). Each of the questions is worth 2 points and the points are based on lexical (vocabulary) or structural (grammatical) points. What they assess in this part of the exam are as follows:

Lexical: phrasal verbs, word patterns, fixed expressions, contextual vocabulary etc.

Structural: passive, causative passive, relative clauses, reported speech, quantifiers, connectors, tense changes, determiners, gerund versus infinitive, modal verbs, inversions (rarely), conditionals etc.



ADVANCED (C1) Part 4: Transformations (rephrasing)

In this part of the exam the candidate must read a sentence and then complete a second sentence with 3-6 words so that it has the same meaning as the first sentence. It is a text of grammar and vocabulary. Sometimes the sentence can be completed with only 2 words or more that 6 but these answers are not valid as the task stated 3-6 words. All grammar strucutres are used in this part of the exam.



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