Use your favourite phrases all the time
When people write, even professional writers, they tend to repeat their favourite expressions and phrases. This is a natural tendency and something that should be present in our writing. When you write, you should have a good bank of language that you can apply to various contexts and genres of texts. This way you will be very clear on language usage and you will not have doubts about how to use specific words and phrases, especially in an exam situation when you cannot look up information or ask for confirmation. My suggestion is to have a bank of CONNECTIVES and PHRASAL VERBS so that you can review and recycle them frequently.
Imitate other writers
To write well you must read, and when I say read, I mean read A LOT. A great way to improve your writing is to read all types of texts, this will enhance your vocabulary and understanding of language. What you should do is COPY other writers and use the parts of language that you like. For language exams you should look at examples of answers from previous exams and use the grammar structures and vocabulary forms that you like. Obviously you cannot copy entire texts, but you ought to take the parts that you like and use them in your own pieces of writing.
Ask others for advice
A great way to improve your writing is to show it to other writers, or in this case, other language learners (or your teacher) to review and correct. You should ask others to read your work and then ask them to explain what they like or dislike about it. This is called FEEDBACK and it can be used to correct errors and mistakes, or to just generally improve the level of your writing.
Research language well
When you write about something, clearly it is much easier if you know something about the topic. This is reinforcing my earlier point about the importance of reading. You should look at topics that are likely to come up in the exam and know some interesting points to include in your texts. It is also essential to review language and have a good understanding about VOCABULARY and grammar structures needed to carry out the tasks that you face. A great thing to do is to look at suggestions from teacher and examiners to write effectively.
Review and correct your own work
If you wish to become an accomplished writer, you must be able to review and criticize your own work. It is of the utmost importance to go over your written work and look to communicate in the most efficient way possible. You should always want to improve the way you use language and look to push your own boundries. In exam situations, you will mostly be looking for typos and grammatical errors though.
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